Why Repealing Assam Muslim Marriage Act May Do Little To Empower Women

It will not curb child marriage but may complicate registrations, say experts


Despite Laws, Guidelines, Queerphobia Remains Unchecked In Campuses

Students have reported frequent incidents of queerphobia and misogyny in universities. We look at why redressal mechanisms remain ineffective


Cost Of Maternal Healthcare Is Pushing Families Into Debt Trap In Maharashtra

Few women in impoverished packets of rural Maharashtra are aware of government welfare schemes or do not have the documents to access them


In A Forest Amidst Mumbai’s Concrete Jungle, Adivasi Women Are Demanding Their Right To Shelter And Dignity

An ambitious road project is likely to swallow many Adivasi homes in Aarey forest, already the site of many other development projects


Why This Year’s Interim Gender Budget Is Riddled with Ambiguity

The lack of clarity on exclusion of schemes in previous years, arbitrary increases in scheme allocations, and mismatch in scheme performance and corresponding allocations are concerns


Budget 2024: Empty Declarations, Insufficient Allocations For Key Schemes

Schemes aimed at women did not get the big push they needed, we find


Bribes, Bullying, Sexual Harassment: Why Workers In A Delhi Hospital Want An End To Outsourced Hiring

Striking sanitation workers in Delhi’s Burari Hospital have accused private hiring companies of corrupt practices and sexual harassment


As Ram Mandir Euphoria Peaks, I, A Young Muslim Woman, Am Filled With Dread

In the public discourse around the Mandir, the Muslim voice has been absent. Here is why the community has chosen numbness over articulation


Why A Dalit Woman Is Demanding A Cremation Ground For Dalits In Her Village

In rural Maharashtra, landless Dalit families often struggle to find space to cremate their dead. Pramila Zombade wants that to change


Assam’s Family Size Norm For New Initiative Could Hit Its Marginalised Women Most

Linking economic welfare schemes for women to their family size will further limit women’s participation in work and increase their vulnerabilities, argue experts


How ASHA Workers’ Overwhelming Workload Impacts India’s Healthcare System

The relentless cycle of field and paperwork is affecting their mental health, leaving them prone to errors


Why Maharashtra’s Anganwadi Workers Stir Is Spiralling Into A Livelihood Crisis

Faced with termination and loss of salary, striking Anganwadi workers in the state are living in fear and anxiety


Why Adivasis Of Hasdeo Aranya Are Back On The Streets, Again

Protests to protect one of India’s largest forested corridors has been ongoing for over the past one decade


For Young Women, Savitribai Phule’s Legacy Of Rebellion Is Empowering

The bright red slash of kumkum across her forehead has become a mark of feminist solidarity


Their Roles Ambiguous, ASHA Workers Fight For The Right To Contest Elections

There is state pressure to dissuade frontline health workers from fighting for political office even though they are still hired as ‘honorary volunteers’


Back When Wrestling Was Macho, This Delhi Akhada Began Training Women

Now 40% of the trainees at the Guru Premnath Akhada are women dreaming of making it to the Olympics, mostly from small-town India


When Women Became The Main Spectacle In Manipur’s Civil Conflict

Sangi Duhlian is constantly browsing her phone for updates on the Gaza war on social media. She is anxious and triggered by the war in the […]


Who Is Responsible For Safety Of Domestic Workers At Workplaces?

India has approximately 5.2 million domestic workers according to government data. However, the National Domestic Workers’ Movement (NDWM) estimates the total number in India from anywhere […]


Why The Digital Dream Soured Quickly For Anganwadi Workers

Anganwadi workers says their role has gone from deliverers of schemes to being data collectors for the government


“50, Fat and Frumpy: Our bodies deserve respect”

In conversation with playwright Jyoti Dogra, whose new play Maas discusses patriarchy, capitalism and our bodies


Freedom, Enterprise And Sisterhood: What Women Find At Chaityabhumi

The annual Mahaparinirvan Din means many things for the women who throng the annual event in Mumbai to mark Dr.Ambedkar’s life and work


Kabaddi Means More Than A Game For Women Wage Workers Of Rural Maharashtra

A unique sports event gives women from poor homes the chance to defy gender norms and find sisterhood in play


Why I Want To Put Begamati Zubaan, The Vivid Urdu Of Zenanas, On Stage

Women’s Urdu was pungent, it drew from the world around, and it makes for great theatre


‘Data Breach Affects Women More, Has Chilling Effect On Their Online Participation’

Data breaches not only violate digital boundaries, but also have real-world consequences that disproportionately affect women and marginalised groups, says Radhika Roy of the Internet Freedom Foundation


After Recent Elections, Women’s Share Increases In 4 State Assemblies

Two in five women fielded by major parties won in Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Mizoram, Rajasthan and Telangana elections


Why Bastar’s Young Adivasi Women Struggle For A University Education

It is difficult for young Adivasis to leave home and head for neighbouring towns or far metros to join universities. For the women, these challenges are multiplied by fear of the city and social biases


Despite New Statehood, Female Representation In Telangana Lags Behind

In the south, Telangana has one of the lowest shares of female MLAs, doing worse than its sibling state Andhra Pradesh


Why The Adivasi Protest Against Mining In Gadchiroli Shows No Sign Of Flagging

Intensification of mining activity has upset the tribal groups for whom the Surjagarh Hill, forest and water bodies are sacred


Women Win In Tougher Poll Fights In Rajasthan, Yet Don’t Get Enough Chances

In the last two decades of their rivalry in Rajasthan, only around 10% of the candidates picked by the BJP and Congress have been women


Why Homi, 15, Has No Option But Work At A Mine In Rajasthan, 7 Days A Week

Rural women have few work options in the state and poverty does not allow them to study either


Why Lives And Deaths Of Trans Persons Remain Underreported, Undocumented

Procedural issues around self-identification mean that the real numbers are rarely reflected in official data, show studies


For These Women Running Public Toilets In Mumbai, The Workday Lasts 15 Exhausting Hours

On World Toilet Day, here are the stories of two women who struggle to keep sanitation complexes in the slums of Mumbai clean and safe


In Rural Madhya Pradesh, Women Struggle To Access Govt Schemes Aimed At Them

The Madhya Pradesh government is going all out to woo women with special schemes. But how do the women see this outreach, we ask


One In Two Trans Men Struggle To Access Basic Healthcare: Study

Most trans men and transmasculine individuals in India end up seeking private medical care because of multiple hurdles to government schemes, says a study


Malnutrition, Poor Rural Public Health Infrastructure Behind Infant and Maternal Deaths In Maharashtra

Sunita Sahebrao Dandekar (28), a Dalit woman from Kharvad village in Hingoli district in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra had to be rushed to Dr. Shankarrao […]


‘Buses Don’t Stop For Us, We Are Shamed For Free Travel’: Delhi’s Women Commuters

Up to 80% women complain that buses drive past them and they have to frequently deal with snide remarks about freeloading


Does the size of an organisation have any link to the share of women it employs?

Key Highlights Firms with a larger number of total employees had a higher proportion of female workers  For every 1 percent additional workers firms hire, the […]


What An Evening At Purdah Bagh In Old Delhi Says About Women And Leisure

Are segregated parks for women the solution to a city’s heavily male-dominated leisure spaces? Even as urban planners and feminists argue, we take a walk in Old Delhi’s historical zenana parks to find some answers


What Beauty Parlours In Jharkhand Villages Tell Us About Gender, Caste And Hope

Parlours are small pockets of rebellion and assertion where girls and young women find solidarity in small towns and villages


How Assam’s Human-Elephant Conflict Is Impacting Women’s Physical And Mental Health

When entire fields and homes are flattened by elephant movement, it is the women, as primary caregivers, who deal with acute anxiety and deprivation


We’re Humiliated, Denied Reduced Bus Fares For Women, Say Trans women In Maharashtra

Every time they ask for the concessional tickets for women on state buses, trans women are asked to furnish gender and identity proof


‘Anything Can Happen’. Why Kuki Women In Assam’s Camps Fear Returning To Manipur

Resources are sparse at this refugee camp in Silchar but women from Manipur who have sheltered here with their families do not want to return home yet


How The Amendments to Karnataka Factories Act Will Impact Women Garment Workers

Karnataka’s Factories Act amendments raise concerns about worker welfare, women’s rights, and need for international standard compliance


Anger, Anxiety, Loneliness: How Haryana’s Communal Violence Looks Through The Gender Lens

Poverty, injustice and insecurity have added to the vulnerability of the women affected by the communal violence in Haryana


Women Waste Pickers Jeopardise Their Lives For As Little As Rs 100 A Day

In July, a woman rag picker died as her foot caught in a waste truck during a desperate scramble to find valuable scrap. Her story reveals the highly hazardous conditions in which waste pickers work for a pittance


Gender Based Violence Among Adivasis Comes From Long Years Of Paternalist, Upper Caste Administration

‘Modern’ institutions like schools, colleges, hospitals, media and the district and state administrations have played a big role in shaping the gender dynamics among Adivasis


More Women, Marginalised Community Teachers In Bihar’s Public Schools. But The Good News Ends There

Only 20% of students attend primary schools in Bihar’s Araria and Katihar districts, revealing a grim post-pandemic state of government schools.


Jobs, Education Interrupted, Manipur’s Women Struggle To Rebuild Their Lives

A student just an exam away from finishing her Masters, a dental doctor on the verge of a career, and a school warden held hostage – the violence in Manipur has left them all rudderless. We speak to them in Delhi as they seek to rebuild their lives


Punjab’s Free Bus Scheme Has Changed Women’s Lives But Its Future Is Shaky

The number of women commuters has doubled but with no funds, public bus networks are stretched, leading to overcrowding and disrupted schedules


How A Women’s Collective In Delhi Is Aiding Displaced Communities In Manipur

The violence in Manipur has displaced thousands of people who are now staying in refugee camps. A tribal women’s collective from the north east is spearheading relief operations out of Delhi


Why The Uniform Civil Code Has Become A Polarising Idea

The debate around the UCC goes back to colonial times. Here is an explainer of how the idea has evolved over time


How A Regressive Transgender Act Was Finally Thrown Out

The Telangana High Court recently struck down the state’s Eunuch’s Act which criminalised the entire transgender community. We explain why it was outdated and violative of citizen rights


Sleep And Night Time Economy In A Street Vendor Neighbourhood

What are the peculiarities of sleep and rest in the life of a female street vendor who works in a market that opens before dawn? Can alternate ideas of urban planning help reimagine her life, ease her anxieties? We return to Delhi’s Raghubir Nagar for answers


Women Bear The Biggest Cost Of Climate Disasters In Coastal Bangladesh

Frequent cyclones and erratic floods are increasing saltwater contamination, leading to health hazards and distressing living conditions


A Ramble Through Delhi’s Queer History, Told Through Monuments And Subcultures

A heritage walk looks at the capital city’s historic and contemporary spaces through the queer lens, revealing some less known insights


Despite growing climate risk, livestock insurance is out of women farmers’ reach

Government policies oblivious to gender and caste inequities leave women livestock farmers from lowered communities without economic safety nets.


Delhi Needs 11 Sexual Harassment Panels For Informal Workers. Only One Is Effective

Except one, none of the PoSH-mandated Local Committees in the capital are doing what they should – create conditions that encourage women workers from the informal sector to speak up against sexual violence


Five Years On, Odisha’s Transgender Persons Yet To Get Land Under State Scheme

A range of issues – state apathy, knotty conditions, local hostility – hobble the programme


Virtual Sexual Violence Is Everywhere, From Chat Rooms To Webinars

There is little conversation around violence against women and other marginalised groups on the internet


Homes Razed, Tughlaqabad’s Women Agitate For Rehabilitation Rights

The bulldozers arrived with no notice, women allege, leaving them stranded without shelter or belongings


Why Punjab, Not Kerala Or Gujarat, Has A ‘Missing’ Women Problem

Data debunks false claims about ‘missing women’, the real problem lies elsewhere


How Familial Hostility, Binary Laws Hinder Property Rights Of Transgender Persons

Gendered laws and emotional issues between transgender persons and their often estranged families are problem areas


Jaharveer Mela In Mathura Is An Assertion of Dalit Faith, Cultural Identity

The Jaharveer festival is an important event in the life of Mathura’s Valmikis, marking their distinct culture and identity


Dalit Lacemakers Of Narsapuram: How They Found Dignity And Livelihood In 19th Century

A craft brought by the missionaries changed the lives of Dalit women in multiple ways before it became the domain of a dominant caste


Seen-Unseen

In cities like Lucknow and Varanasi, multiple barriers prevent queer women from accessing safe mental healthcare. Some of them turn to their community for comfort.


A data story on female child marriage in India

The authors use a novel dataset based on NFHS-5 to present data highlights on child marriage in parliamentary constituencies across India. They trace the prevalence of female child marriage and the extent to which the situation has improved in certain states over the years. They discuss the issue of underreporting and the need for a holistic approach in empowering women to ensure a reduction in female child marriage rates.


Decoding women’s labour force participation in 2021-22: What the Periodic Labour Force Survey shows

After recording some improvement in recent years, the growth in female labour force participation rate in India now seems to be stagnating. Among the women who work, the share of those who are self-employed has been increasing in recent years, even as their average earnings, already low, have dwindled further.


The 19th Century Woman Who Challenged the Image of Indian Coupledom

Historian Uma Chakravarti on Pandita Ramabai’s radical photographs of conjugality and its discontents.


‘Untouchable’ After Birth, Uttarakhand’s New Mothers Are Left In Stressful Isolation

At a time when women urgently need rest, support and monitoring, ritual segregation can be dangerous


How many women work in India’s factories?

Of the millions of workers who worked in India’s factories in 2019-20, less than a fifth were women. This share has remained largely unchanged for over two decades


As LPG Prices Soar, Women Return To Toxic Traditional Stoves

A 51.7% rise in the price of LPG refills between January 2021 and July 2022 has forced women from low-incomes homes to minimise the use of gas stoves


Illusion Of Freedom Vs Tyranny Of Gig Work: The Dilemma Of Urban Co’s ‘Partners’

There are rising tensions between the aspirations of thousands of workers and the work structure of the gig economy


Long shadows in the sunset

With limited support structures, India’s LGBTQIA+ community has to work harder to plan for ageing and infirmity


Why Women Stringers Are Missing From Telugu Media In Small Towns

The job is too ‘dangerous’, ‘dirty’ for women, say male-dominated newsrooms


Indian Insurers Are Denying Health Cover For Intellectual, Developmental Disabilities

Despite clear guidelines, insurance companies in India exclude those with intellectual and developmental disabilities from coverage


No Place Like Home

Transgender persons in India constantly negotiate their identities with the spaces they grow up in, live in, or move through in search of a home within and outside.


How The Climate Crisis Is Driving Sex Trafficking In Arid Rayalaseema

The livelihood crisis created by scorching summers, failed monsoons and frequent droughts in the arid Rayalaseema region of southwestern Andhra Pradesh has left women from poor […]


Why Informal Micro Businesses Run By Women Are Not Benefiting From E-Formalisation

“What is this Udyam Registration Certificate? Why do I need the certificate?” Kalpanaben*, who runs a saree business out of her house in Delhi, is bewildered. […]


Women Bear The Emotional Burden Of Kashmir’s Infertility Crisis

Aiman Bhat, 39, describes herself as hanth, a pejorative in Kashmiri for childless women. She is an accomplished young woman with a doctorate in humanities but […]


Three Lessons On Equality From Supreme Court’s Hijab Verdict

On October 13, the Supreme Court of India passed its judgement on the hijab ban in educational institutions imposed by the Karnataka Government. The two-judge bench […]


Harassment, Assault, Murder – But Stalking Is Still Not A ‘Serious’ Crime

The murder last week of Chennai college student Sathya Priya by her stalker is at once horrific and familiar: a young woman is followed and harassed […]


A Day In The Life Of Women Garment Workers: Some Lessons For Employers

In 2021, a qualitative study was carried out on women’s career progression, access to healthcare and grievance redressal mechanisms across the textile and apparel industry. It […]


How India’s Falling Maternal Death Rate Masks Acute Regional, Social Disparities

The steady fall in India’s maternal mortality rate over the last two decades glosses over significant variations between states, districts and social groups, show data. Poverty, […]


Why Surrogates Are Still Passive Deliverers Of Service, With Few Rights

India’s new laws on surrogacy, meant to prevent exploitative practices, still do not fully recognise the surrogate’s rights to full economic, medical, legal, and physical protection, […]


How Forced Evictions Are Pushing Women To The Edge Of Precarity

For two years now Shabana Khatoon has been living under a tarpaulin sheet near the Dhobi Ghat in south Delhi’s Jamia Nagar. For 20 years, this […]


Why Courts Must Stop Fixating On The ‘Modesty’ Of Survivors Of Sexual Violence

The use of the archaic idea of feminine “modesty” in the interpretation of the penal laws on sexual violence is regressive because it undermines the violation […]


Why Delhi’s Sex Ratio Ranks Among The Worst In India

The sex ratio of the National Capital Territory of Delhi has been consistently skewed over three decades, shows a BehanBox analysis. The reason for this lies […]


Navigating Statelessness: How Laws Fail Bangladeshi Trafficking Survivors In India

Nafeesa Bibi* (36) was 16 when she left her home in a Bangladesh village and swam across the Ichhamati river into Bongaon in the North 24 […]


‘Over 80% Of Nomadic Homes Have No Toilets, 70% None Near Them’

With no attention paid to their sanitation needs, India’s nomadic communities are forced to either defecate in the open or struggle for access to unsafe and […]


How All-Girls Collectives Are Battling Sex Trafficking In Sundarbans

With criminal networks, apathetic policing and patriarchal practices turning the impoverished Sundarbans delta region in West Bengal into a trafficking hub, it is now up to […]


Why India’s Abortion Law Still Lacks Principles Of Reproductive Justice

India’s abortion law has evolved over 50 years to become seemingly progressive but it is still not rooted in the idea of reproductive justice, say historians […]


Inflation-Hit, Women Demand Better Wages, More Workdays Under Rural Jobs Scheme

As August rains swept Delhi, more than 500 workers, mostly women, gathered around the Jantar Mantar monument to protest delayed wages, reduced workdays and digital glitches […]


Explainer: Patriarchal Rules Continue To Decide Parenthood In Official Documents

After her undergraduate studies, Tara* decided to take an education loan to pursue a Master’s degree. In her loan application forms she named her mother as […]


Why India Is Struggling With The Burden Of Teen Pregnancies

The pandemic may have undone decades of work in controlling teen pregnancies, shows a Behanbox analysis: at least 7% of all women aged 15-19 years began […]


How Tina, A Van Gujjar Trans Woman, Navigates Many Marginal Identities

At the wedding of her baji (aunt), Tina was so awestruck by the dark red bridal suit that she was adamant she would wear one too. […]


Why India’s Abortion Law Needs To Be Rid Of Moralism

Last week, the Supreme Court passed an interim order allowing an unmarried woman to abort a 24-week pregnancy. The court ordered the constitution of a Medical […]


Why Women Sugarcane Cutters Of Maharashtra Seek Needless Hysterectomies

Sugarcane cutting is relentless, backbreaking work, say the migrant women workers of Kothi village in Kaij taluka of Maharashtra’s Beed district. You have to hack at […]


Why Gender Crimes Need Exclusive Not Segregated Handling By Police: Studies

Police stations with help desks for women, especially those run by women, are more likely to register cases of gender-based violence, says a new study, ‘Policing […]


Fact Check: Why Fears That SC Observation Will Widen Gender Pay Gap Are Baseless

The apex court observed recently that a government employee cannot demand pay parity only on grounds of similarity in designation and quantum of work. The bench, […]


How Delays In Victim Compensation Fund Fail Trafficking Survivors

The Calcutta High Court has ordered the Government of West Bengal to ensure adequate funds with the State Legal Services Authority (SLSA) to disburse compensation to […]